Quick Catfish Facts
(Frequently Asked Questions)
- Where is U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish raised?
Ninety-four percent of all U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is raised in Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi.
In 1985, the U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish industry in these four states employed approximately 6,000 people and
contributed roughly $2.1 billion to each state's economy. Today, the U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish industry employs
more than 13,000 people and contributes more than $4 billion to each state's economy.
- How is U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish raised?
U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is known for its consistency. Achieving that consistency begins with the selection
and mating of mature catfish. Mature catfish remain in production an average of 8 to 12 years, depending on
where they are grown, and lay 3,000 to 4,000 eggs annually per pound of body weight. Once the eggs are laid
and fertilized, they are collected and taken to special hatcheries designed to replicate the natural environment.
The eggs hatch after seven days and move to the next level of maturation, called "sac fry" because of the
attached yolk sacs that supply their food.
As the food sacs are depleted, the tiny U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish begin to swim and are moved to special ponds
where they grow into fingerlings. When the fingerlings are about 4- to 6-inches long (the size of an index finger),
they are placed in man-made ponds filled with fresh water pumped from underground wells.
After 18 months to two years, or when the U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish reach about 10 pounds each, they are harvested
with seines (large weighted nets) and loading baskets, then taken to processing plants in aerated tank trucks.
Once the U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish reach the plants, the entire production process takes less than 30 minutes, making
top-quality, U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish among the freshest fish available. The catfish is cleaned, processed, and placed
on ice or frozen to a temperature of 40 degrees below zero using an individually quick-frozen (IQF) method that
preserves the taste and quality of the fish. U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is then sold as whole fish, steaks, fillets,
strips, and nuggets, as well as marinated and prebreaded or precooked in frozen dinners.
- How long does it take to grow U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish?
It takes about 18 months to two years to grow a 10-pound fish.
- How large is a full-grown U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish?
A full-grown fish averages between one and two pounds.
- What is U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish feed made from?
The largest ingredient in the feed is soybean meal, with some corn and rice ingredients. The feed is routinely
assayed for moisture, protein, fat, and fiber, and periodically for selected micronutrients to ensure nutritional
value. Each batch of feed is checked for physical characteristics, including floatability.
- What does "farm-raised" mean?
U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is raised in environmentally controlled, clay-based ponds, filled with fresh water pumped
from underground wells and filtered by alluvial aquifers. The average pond, constructed by building above-ground
levees to serve as natural barriers, is 10 to 20 land acres in area and 4- to 6-feet deep. The fish are fed a
scientifically formulated diet of high-protein pellets that float on top of the water. U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish
is subject to Hazard Analysis & Critical Control Point Program (HACCP) regulations and is inspected by the U.S.
Department of Commerce at the processing plants before it can carry the "Certified Processors" seal confirming
it has met the highest standards set by The Catfish Institute.
- What gives U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish its clean, mild taste?
Fish tends to adopt the flavor characteristics of what they eat. Because U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is fed a scientifically
formulated diet of high-protein pellets that float on top of the water, it has a consistently mild, slightly sweet flavor.
- Is U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish healthy?
U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is a lean fish and an excellent source of protein. It is low in saturated (bad) fat and is
a moderate source of polyunsaturated (good) fat and omega-3 fatty acids. According to a study published in the
Journal of the American Medical Association, moderate fish consumption - one to two meals a week - may cut the
risk of sudden cardiac death in half. The results show that any kind of fish, including U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish, can make a difference.
- Is farm-raised fish better for the environment?
U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is raised in freshwater ponds with closed systems and has little impact on the environment.
The National Audubon Society, Monterey Bay Aquarium, and Environmental Defense all recommend U.S. Farm-Raised
Catfish as a safe environmental choice.
- Is U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish fed any antibiotics or hormones?
U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish is not given any added hormones. Under normal growing conditions, U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish
is antibiotic-free; only in rare instances when medication is required to treat an illness is U.S. Farm-Raised
Catfish treated with a necessary dose of antibiotics.
- Is there iodine in U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish?
There is no iodine added to the feed or the water of U.S. Farm-Raised Catfish.